The industrial development of the German Reich

The numerous predecessor states of the German Reich were small, quarrelled each other and weak in political and economical matters. The German were pure agricultural countries, the industry had not been developt at all.






The rising industry of the German Reich learnt a lot of technical know - how from abroad and neede strange investments.
Names of coal mines like "Erin" in Castrop - Rauxel or "Hibernia" in Wanne - Eickel prove the Irish origin of their founders. "Erin" is the Celtic name for Ireland and "Hibernia" the Latin name.
Besides them is coal mine Shamrock in Herne and coal mine Holland in Wattenscheid remarkable.


The STEAM ENGINE is an English invention. It was one of the most important things to make up the industrial development of the German Reich.
The steam engine multiplied the human and animal power and made its owner independant from the arbitrariness of the nature.
So sailing ships cannot drive without wind because the energy of the wind is uncertain.
Specially the steam engine made the construction of railroads possible.


The EMSCHERTALBAHN (railroad of the Emscher - valley), which at first went between Wanne - Eickel HBf / Herne Bf. / Herne Börnig / Castrop - Rauxel Süd / Merklinde / Dortmund Boevinghausen / Luetgendortmund / Marten / Huckarde / Dortmund HBf, is one of the eldes railroad tracks of the Ruhr - district.
The accumulator motor rail cars to be seen on this photos took of the old steam trains during the 1950s. Today modern multiple unit trains are used, but the railroad track ist mostly be ruined and can mostly only be driven single - tracked.
In former times there was at every railroad station at least one coal mine, for example: Coal mine van der Heidt, Friedrich der Grosse, Teutoburgia, Erin and Zollern.
But the track took a modest rising up because of its extension up to Dorsten Bf.


In former times the production time was limited by the natural sun - shining, because it wasn´t possible to produce artificial light in an economical and qualitative good way.
Candles, petroleum - lamps and open gaslight were really dangerous at all and often caused mighty fires.
Kerzen, Petroleumlampen und offenes Gaslicht waren zudem recht gefährlich und verursachten oft schwere Brände.
But the introduction of the incendescant gaslight by engineer Auer from the Royal and Imperial Monarchy of Austria - Hungaria solved this problem in the year of 1884.
The German - American Goebel experimented with electric light already years before, but electric light should superseede decades later.
At all 20 % of the streets in the cities of the German Reich were illuminated with electric light in the year of 1923.


There was no other European country the industrial development should rise more quickly than in the German Reich. Soon urgent and innovative inventions were made here: Diesel- and otto carburettor engines, the automobile, air - ships (zeppelins), and the color - tv and rockets were already developt during the second world war.

The coal mining industry of the Ruhr - district made possible the industrial development and secured the supply with energy of the coming up German Reich.


Origin: My private photo - archives
(Exposed ca. 1936)

Also the agricultural economics gained by the industrial development . Agricultury meaned to be hard hand made work in former times. Last horses were used in the early 1960s to plow fields. At the meantime this sort of horses is threatened to die out.

The part of employed people in the agricultural econimics always declined. The money earned by the industrial economics took over the agricultural earned money in the German Reich at the first time in the year of 1884.


We ´ll discuss the social problems of the industrial progress in the chapter about politics.